عنوان مقاله [English]
A lack of sustained enthusiasm for participation in watershed management by the rural communities constitute a deterrent for rehabilitation of our drastically disturbed watersheds. Therefore, it is necessary to find the reasons if the concerned authorities to encourage them to share the burden of conservation activities on the catchments they live on, or benefit from. To this end in this research was done the priority of the factors affecting the preventing sustainable participation of rural societies in watershed management projects from experts' viewpoints in Moradabad watershed of Meymand, in southwest of Fars province. The method of preparing and completing 57 questionnaires was analyzed by T test, Analytical Hierarchy Process and Friedman nonparametric test. The results showed that from the viewpoint of experts in the Moradabad watershed of Fars province, the "economic", "educational-extension", "design-executive" and "social" indicators, respectively, have the maximum and minimum priority of non-participation sustainable rural communities are in watershed management projects. Also, the most important sub-indicators on the lack of sustainable rural societies participation in the watershed management projects in this watershed are: "low income residents of the basin", "ignoring income for the people as a direct incentive to implement plans Watershed management", "lack of training residents of the basin regarding the plans and objectives" and "low level of literacy and awareness". The range of average ratings varies from 4.85 to 8.25, so that the sub-indicator "low income residents of the watershed" with an average rating of 8.25 has the highest relative priority and "late return of watershed projects" with an average of 4.85 had the least relative priority in the lack of sustainable participation of rural societies in the watershed management plans in this watershed. This results could be used by the watershed projects planners for achieving the optimum results. It is suggested that the "activities of NGOs" and "training of exploiters", along with factors such as "implementation of multipurpose projects", taking in to account the interests of watershed dwellers in order to improve the economic conditions, to create the basis for trust and should be taken attract to active participation in the watershed management projects.
Bagdi GL, Kurothe RS. 2014. People’s participation in watershed management programmes: Evaluation study of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra in India. International Soil and Water Conservation Research. 2(3): 57–66.
Bozarjahromi Kh, Khatami S, Naderi M, Sarbaraghi Moghaddam P. 2017. Investigating the Role of Participatory Projects in Women Empowerment and Environmental Conservation (Case Study: Sarbisheh County). National Conference on Women and Sustainability of Natural and Environmental Resources in Rural Areas. Mashhad. 16 p. (In Persian).
Duram LA, Brown KG. 2010. Insights and applications assessing public participation in US watershed planning initiatives. Society and Natural Resources. 12(5): 455–467.
Elyasi A, Shahedi K, Rastgar Sh. 2017. Effective Factors on Stakeholders’ Willingness to Participate at Watershed Management Projects in Hezarkhani Watershed. Journal of Watershed Management Research. 8(16): 259–270. (In Persian).
Ghorbani A, Kavianpoor AH, Dabiri R. 2015. Effect of social characteristics of beneficiaries on their participation in watershed cooperatives (Case study: cooperative of Saghezchi-Chaei watershed of Ardabil province). Natural Ecosystems of IRAN. 6(3): 59-74. (In Persian).
Johnson N, Ravnborg HM, Westermann O, Probst K. 2002. User participation in watershed management and research. Water policy. 3(6): 507-520.
Khalighi NA, Chakoshi B, Kia M. 2006. Investigating the Role of Indigenous Knowledge, Immigration and Property of Villagers in Operation of Rangelands (Chakand Watershed - Birjand County). Journal of Natural Resources. 59(3): 757–741. (In Persian).
Miller RC, Guertin PD, Heilman P. 2004. Information technology in watershed. Journal of the American Water Resources Association. 40(2): 347–357.
Mohammadi Golrang B, Lai FS, Sadeghi SHR. 2017. Evaluation of variables affecting people's participation in soil pasture and watershed management projects (Case study: Kouskabad Watershed in Khorasan Razavi). Journal of Research & Rural Planning. 6(1): 49–68. (In Persian).
Montgomery DR, Grant GE, Sullivan K. 1995. Watershed analysis as a framework for implementing ecosystem management. Water resource bull. 31: 369–386.
Noor H, Bagherian R, Sedigh R. 2018. Assessing Attitudes of the Rural Populations of Khorasan Razavi Province to Watershed Management Programs. Watershed Management Research Journal. 31(2): 17–26. (In Persian).
Perry J, Thompson L. 2019. Empowering the Next Generation of Watershed Decision-Makers: A Pedagogical Design. Water. 11(4)662: 1–11.
Rahemi Ardakani A, Esmaeilpour Y, Mohammadi Y, Gholami H. 2018. Factor Analysis of Obstacles to the Local Communities Participation in the Biological Restoration and Desertification Plans of Carbon Sequestration Project in the Lapui County, Fars Province. Watershed Management Research Journal. 31(2): 27–40. (In Persian).
Salehpour Jam A, Sarreshtehdari A, Tabatabaei M. 2018. Prioritizing preventing factors affecting on stakeholders' participation in watershed plans based on experts' idea, case study: watershed area surrounding city of Tehran. Journal of Watershed Engineering and Management. 9(4): 441–450. (In Persian).
Singleton A, Taylor M. 1992. Common property, collective action and community. J. Theor. Pol. 4(3): 309–324.