عنوان مقاله [English]
Carbon sequestration (CS) in soils is a phenomenon consistent with the principles of sustainable development. Further, it is a vital solution for reducing the atmospheric CO2 and other GHGs. To identify the role of spate irrigation (SI) of afforested plots and rangeland in CS, 36 soil samples were collected from the 0–30 cm top soil in different spate-irrigated and control treatments in November 2017. Organic carbon (OC) was measured by the standard laboratory procedures, and then converted to the sequestered soil carbon (SOC). The data were analyzed using the randomized complete block design benefitting from the SAS software. The means were compared with the Duncan test at P2; this amounts to 4.6 tons of CO2 per year on average.The total income from the carbon rent of the dense Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. aforested plots at the Kowsar Station is $32381.00 per hectare with an annual mean of $925.17 per hectare.
Abdi N. 2005. Estimation of carbon sequestration capacity by Astragalus in Markazy and Isfahan Provinces. Ph.D. Rangeland Sciences. Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran. 194 p. (In Persian).
Abdi N. 2006. Introduction of carbon sequestration as an indicator for sustainable natural resources development. Abstract of the articles of the Third Conference on the Implementation of Sustainable Development in Agriculture and Natural Resources, January 5
th2006. Arak. pp. 62–75. (In Persian).
Abdi N, Maddah Arefi H, Zahedi Amiri Gh. 2008. Estimation of carbon sequestration in Astragalus rangelands of Markazi province (Case study: Malmir rangeland in the Shazand Region). Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Research. 15(2): 269–282. (In Persian).
Ardo J, Olsson L. 2003. Assessment of soil organic carbon in semi-arid Sudan using GIS and the CENTURY model. Journal Arid Environ. 54: 633–651.
Atkin J, Dayal p. 1999. Carbon sequestration using sustainable forestry management in south America. In proceeding of the electric utilities Environmental conference, Tucson, Arizona.
Azarnivand H, Joneidi H, Zare Chahooki MA, Maddah Arefi H. 2011. Investigation of the effects of some ecological factors on carbon sequestration in Artemisia sieberi rangelands of Semnan province. Journal of Range and Watershed Management. 64(1): 107–127. (In Persian).
Bordbar SK. 2005. Study of carbon storage potential in eucalyptus and acacia forests in western regions of Fars province, Ph. D thesis, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch. 153 pp. (In Persian).
Bordbar SK. 2012. Estimation of carbon sequestration in Kamfirouz oak shoots of Fars Province, Final report of research project, Agriculture Research, Education and Extension Organization. Iran. (In Persian).
Bordbar SK. Mortazavi Jahromi SM. 2006. Investigation of carbon storage potential in Eucalyptus and Acacia forests in western regions of Fars province, Journal of Pezhouhesh and Sazandegi. 70: 90–103. (In Persian).
Brahim N, Blavet D, Gallali T, Bernoux M. 2011. Application of structural equation modeling for assessing relationships between organic carbon and soil properties in semiarid Mediterranean region. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech. 8 (2): 305–320.
Bruce JP, Frome M, Haites E, Janzen H, Lal R, Paustian K. 1999. Carbon sequestration in soils. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation. 54(1):382–389.
Chenini I, Khemiri S. 2009. Evaluation of ground water quality using multiple linear regression and structural equation modeling. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech. 6 (3): 509–519.
Frasat M. 2015. Paris Consensus on Climate Change: 195 countries took the path to keep Earth's temperature below 2 C˚, United Nations Climate Change. http://newsroom.unfccc.int/unfccc-newsroom/finale-cop21/. (In Persian).
Garten JR, Charles T. 2002. Soil carbon storage beneath recently stablished tree plantations in Tennessee and South Carolina, USA. Biomass and Bioenergy. 23(2): 93–102.
Jacob H and Clarke G, 2002. " Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 4, Physical Method", Soil Science Society of America, Inc, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. 1692 p.
Kalbasi MR. 1996. The status of organic matter in Iranian soils and the role of compost fertilizer. Summary of the articles of the fifth Iranian Soil Science Congress, Karaj, September. 7 p.
Karami M, Bandak AS, Farajollahi A. 2010. Evaluation and estimation of carbon sequestration and reduction of greenhouse gases in Artemisia and its habitat. National Conference on Natural Resources, Damage, Challenges, Applied Researches and Practical Solutions, May 2010. University of Ilam. Ilam, Iran. (In Persian).
Kerckhoffs LHJ, Reid JB. 2007. Carbon sequestration in the standing biomass of orchard crops in New Zealand. Hastings, New Zealand: New Zealand Institute for Crop & Food Research Ltd. 1–4 p.
Kolahchy N. 2005. Investigation of carbon sequestration in dominant shrubs and soil pastureland in Heidara, Hamedan. Master thesis Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, 75 p. (In Persian).
Kooch Y, Hosseini SM, Zaccone C, Jalilvand H, Hojjati SM. 2012. Soil organic carbon sequestration as affected by afforestation: the Darab Kola forest (north of Iran) case study. J. Environ. Monit. 14: 2438–2446.
Lal R, Follett RF, Kimble J M. 2003 Achieving soil carbon sequestration in the United States: a challenge to the policy makers. Soil Sci. 168: 827–845.
Lal R. 2004. Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change. Geoderma. 123:1–22.
Lal R. 2008. Soil carbon stocks under present and future climate with specific reference to European ecoregions. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 81(2):113–127.
Madeira MV, Fabiao A, Pereira JS, Araajo MC, Ribeiro C. 2002. Changes in carbon stocks in Eucalyptus globules Labill.
Plantations induced by different water and nutrient availability, Forest Ecology and Management. 171:75–85.
Mahdavi SKh. Azarian A. Javadi M. Mahmoudi. J. 2016. Study of the effect of floods preading on some physical-chemical properties and soil fertility (Case study: Band-Alikhan Varamin), Scientific and Research Journal of Range. 10 (1): 68–81. (In Persian).
Mesbah SH. 2003. Study the effects of flood spreading on quantitative and qualitative changes in vegetation of Gareh-Bygon, Fasa, Final report of the research project, Agricultural Research Center and Natural Resources Research Center of Fars. (In Persian).
Mesbah SH. 2012. Comparison of soil carbon sequestration and dominant plant species inside and outside of Bamu national park, Final report of the research project, Agricultural Research Center and Natural Resources Research Center of Fars. 55 p. (In Persian).
Mohammadi A. 2005. The Effect of floodspreading on some soil properties, Proceedings of the Third National Conference on Erosion and Sedimentation, Soil and Water Conservation Research Institute, Tehran. 6 p. (In Persian).
Moradi M. 2008. Environmental and economic study of Zagros forests of Iran (Case study: Kohgiluyeh and Boyeramad province). Ph.D. thesis, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, 183 p.
Naderi A, Kowsar SA, Sarafraz AA. 2000. Reclamation of a sandy desert through floodwater spreading. I. sediment induced changes in selected soil chemical and physical properties. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology. 2: 9–20.
Nelson DW, Sommers LP. 1986. Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter, p 539–579. In: Page, A.L. (ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis: Part 2, Agronomy Handbook No 9, American Society of Agronomy and Soil Sci. Soc. Am., Madison, WI.
Rajabi Nouqab V. 2011. Estimation of carbon sequestration in mountain almond and grape plants and the possibility of calibration of carbon sequestration models (Case study of Hosseinabad Station). Master thesis, Shiraz University. 119 p. (In Persian).
Rice CW. 2000. Soil organic C and N in rangeland soils under elevation CO2 and land management. Advances in Terrestrial Ecosystem Carbon Inventory, Measurements and Monitoring Conference in Raleigh, North Carolina, October. pp. 15–24.
Rivers N. 2014. The Case for a carbon tax in Canada, Canada 2020. Article available athttp://canada2020.ca/canada-carbon-tax/.
Scott N. 2000. Land-cover effects on soil carbon storage in New Zealand, A National Monitoring System. Advances in Terrestrial Ecosystem Carbon Inventory, Measurement, and Monitoring Conference in Raleigh, North Carolina. pp. 60–65.
Sheidaye Karkaj E, Sepehri A, Barani H, Moatamedi J. 2017. Correlation of organic carbon storage with some soil characteristics in East Azarbaijan rangelands, Scientific Journal of Rangeland. 11 (2): 125–138.
Shimy P. 1995. Effects of straw burning on wheat fields. olive. Ministry of Agriculture Scientific-Specialist Monthly, Zeitoune. 125: 9–18.
Singh G, Bala N, Chaudhuri KK, Meena RL. 2003. Carbon sequestration potential of common access resources in arid and semi-arid regions of northwestern India, Indian Forester. 129: (7): 859–864.
Skidmore EL. Layton JB. Armbrust BV. Hooker ML. 1986. Soil physical properties as influenced by cropping and residue management. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 50: 415–416.
Vaezi AR, Hoseinshhi A. 2013. Spatial variability of soil properties as affected by flood spreading in gharacharyan Plain. Iran-Watershed Management Science & Engineering. 7(22): 29–38. (In Persian).
Varamesh S. 2009. Comparison of the carbon sequestration of leaf and scalloped species in urban forests (Case study: Chitgar park, Tehran). Master thesis. Tarbiat Modarres University. Faculty of Natural Resources and Marine Sciences. 130 p. (In Persian).
Wang Sh, Wang X, Ouyang Zh. 2012. Effects of land use, climate, topography and soil properties on regional soil organic carbon and total nitrogen in the upstream watershed of Miyun Reservoir, North China. Journal of Environmental Sciences. 24(3): 387–395.
Woomer DL, Tourc AS. 2004. Carbon stocks in Senegals Sahel transition zone. Journal of Arid Environment. 59 (3): 499–510.